Home

Overlay layer Clip Studio

Pen Settings for Anime Art in Any Style | Art Rocket

Overlay - CLIP STUDIO AS

Answer. Not limited to overlays, the layer drawing mode is an option of how the upper layer is mixed (mixed) with the lower layer. There is a place to select the mode above the layer palette. Select the upper layer to combine and set the mode to overlay. What is an overlay is to apply a screen where it is highlighted against the image below A quick look at the overlay and hard light layer modes and what they can do for your artwork The first one has the overlay-scarf layer highlighted in blue. This one does not work. The second, has the overlay - body layer highlighted in blue. This layer works as intended. The final picture showing the scarf white with black in the middle, is the result of coloring on the overlay - scarf layer

Clip Studio Paint: Overlay and Hard Light Layers - YouTub

  1. CLIP STUDIO PAINT CLIP STUDIO ACTION CLIP STUDIO MODELER SAI Photoshop Other software Hardware Analog/Art supplies switch the synthesis mode of the layer to overlay, and try frenking opacity. View origina
  2. istrator. by 取手. I am drawing a picture in the Grisaille style. There is no line drawing. I would like to draw hair on layer A in black and white, overlay layer B on top of it, and add color, but other layers will also be affected
  3. * color holds, which are color layers you set on top of the linear, with the Clip at Layer Below setting enabled. This is what's usually called line coloring * color overlays, which are also above the lineart, but are not clipped to it, so you are effectively coloring over your lineart, which must be done with good criteria and knowledge
  4. - The new layer's layer name, blending mode, palette color, [Lock Transparent Pixel], [Clip Layer], and [Reference Layer] settings will be the same as the bottom layer. - The expression color of a layer will be color if it contains a layer of color, gray if it is a combination of gray or a combination of gray and a single color, and single.
  5. CLIP STUDIO PAINT Instruction manual Layer settings. The [Layer] menu > [Layer Settings] contains commands for editing settings related to layers. Set as reference layer. Set the selected layer as a reference layer. When you set a layer as a reference layer, you will be able to use certain tools to select and draw on a layer while referring.
  6. In CLIP STUDIO PAINT, blending modes can be changed regardless of layer type (excluding the paper layer). Furthermore, blending modes of layers using tones can be changed. However, as the type and status of the blending mode may produce unexpected results when printing, caution is required when creating images for that you intend to print
  7. CLIP STUDIO PAINT Instruction manual Layer Property Palette [PRO/EX] The [Layer Property] palette allows you to configure a variety of layer settings. It can also be used to display and switch tools and sub tools available for use in the selected layer. The [Layer Property] palette displays when [Window] menu > [Layer Property] is selected

Overlay Layer Not Working - CLIP STUDIO AS

  1. This article uses the blending modes of Clip Studio Paint, but you can achieve similar effects in other graphics software with blending modes. Create an orange gradient layer on top of the background image. Select the layer with the orange gradient and set the blending mode to Hard light, then reduce the opacity to 85%
  2. Try to layer and vary your colors to add a bit more of a grainyfeel if that's what you are going for. 2. Using a blender, or an overlay brush This works best if you have already laid out your painting and would like to then add the texture
  3. Here's a little tutorial explaining layer/blend modes in digital painting programs and how I use them.----- Find me on:‌•My Shop: https:..
  4. This is a video tutorial on how to use Correction Layers in Clip Studio Paint to create interesting finishing effects to your illustrations. Here is the text..

I want to permanently commit to the blend mode of a layer, thus making it say Normal without changing the appearance of any pixels. This would enable me to combine multiple highlight, shadow, and overlay layers without any pixels changing, which happens currently CLIP STUDIO PAINT Instruction manual Layer Mask. Creates a mask for the selected layer or layer folder. Masks can be adjusted and deleted. What is a layer mask? A layer mask is a feature that can hide part of the image on a layer. You can use this to hide unnecessary parts, or to limit the area for fill layers and gradient layers

Create a new layer and give it a name, then select the paint bucket tool & fill the layer. With that layer selected in the layers panel, go to Fx-Foundry>Layer Effects>Pattern Overlay. Browse to choose desired pattern. Next right click on your ribbon or mask layer and select alpha to selection, then select>invert from the file menu above Reduces the colors of a layer to [Monochrome] or [Gray]. This item displays only when a [Image material] layer or [3D] layer is selected. When turned off, the original expression color (s) is (are) restored. Overlay texture. Displays when an [Image material] layer other than [Vector image material] layer is selected In Clip Studio Paint, you can change the color of your drawings quickly, by using the tool. I usually use it, when I want to change line color of a draft.--..

overlay - CLIP STUDIO AS

  1. if you need to merge it with a part of your drawing without affecting other layers, clip it on the layer you are merging it with; if you just want to get a flat image with all colorizing preserved, either pick all layers in the layer column and hit cmd (ctrl) + E, or, alternatively, select the top layer in your layer stack (it should be visible) and go to layer -> merge visible to the new layer
  2. Multiply. The RGB values of the set layer are multiplied by those on the layer below. After blending, the colors are darker than the originals. For example, if a color where R = 100, G = 200 and B = 25 is blended with one where R = 10, G = 255 and B = 90, the R values of 100 and 10 from the two layers are multiplied together and then divided by 255 to obtain the blended color value
  3. Drag Your Overlay to the Timeline. Simply drag and drop your chosen graphic, photo or video clip from the Library to an overlay track on the timeline to create an overlay on your video. VideoStudio has included creative content available in the Overlays folder in the library for you to choose from, or you can import your own
  4. Set both the pattern overlay blending mode and the Layer effects blending mode (the layer panel blending mode) to Soft light. For Clip Studio Paint. Click on Texture from Material palette > Monochromatic pattern. Drag the desired texture image from the material palette onto the canvas and set its blending mode to Soft light. For the sake of.

Now you can add more animated overlays to the new overlay tracks. How to Change the Color of Animated Overlays. With the color tools in Pinnacle Studio you can change the color of the overlay files, from a slight adjustment to a completely different color. Double-click on the overlay to bring up the Editor, and click on the Color tab. From here. Overlay track 1 is the bottom layer, so overlays on track 2 and up will be layered over top of it. How to Change the Color of Animated Overlays With the color correction tools in VideoStudio you can change the color of the overlay files, from a slight adjustment to a completely different color Gradient Layers are one of a series of a specialty layer types in CLIP STUDIO PAINT that provides us some flexibility when working with a gradient. When a gradient is created on a basic raster layer, the gradient is fixed in place: The size, shape, and angle cannot be redone without undoing (or erasing) the gradient, and re-drawing it

Overlay only on selected layers - CLIP STUDIO AS

Add your overlay layer on top of your stock footage. For now, the snowy layer totally blocks out our stock footage. We need to remove the overlay's background so that we can see both the overlay and the stock footage. 4.Knock Out the Background. After we add an overlay clip, we have to remove the background from the overlay layer 24.1.16. Vector overlay ¶. 24.1.16.1. Clip ¶. Clips a vector layer using the features of an additional polygon layer. Only the parts of the features in the input layer that fall within the polygons of the overlay layer will be added to the resulting layer

How to Overlay Audio on an Image or Video

Layers for Comics: Coloring Using Layers - CLIP STUDI

Layer operation Layer types and how - CLIP STUDIO TIP

  1. overlay: Overlay Raster objects Description. Create a new Raster* object, based on two or more Raster* objects. (You can also use a single object, but perhaps calc is what you are looking for in that case).. You should supply a function fun to set the way that the RasterLayers are combined. The number of arguments in the function must match the number of Raster objects (or take any number)
  2. Step 3. Selecting Mask will attach a Procreate Layer Mask to the active layer. In this example, I've given the layer Example a Fill Color—it's all green. Note the Layer Mask on top of it in the Layers panel, below. When looking at the Mask Preview, the black space is hidden and the white space is visible
  3. Once you find a graphic to start from, just tap or click to open the document in the editor. 2. Remix it to make it your own. There are lots of ways to personalize your overlay templates. Change up the copy and font. Sub out the imagery with your photos or browse from thousands of free images right in Adobe Spark
  4. 4. Upload Your Stream Overlay to OBS. On the next screen you'll have the option to Browse for your overlay image file. So click on the Browse button, then select your overlay wherever you have it saved on your computer. For this example I've chosen to add my webcam overlay to OBS. *If you're due for a new webcam overlay for your stream, then check these out
  5. This means that the overlay clip is linked to the main clip: if you move, cut, or delete the main clip, the overlay clip will also be edited. Hint: you can also layer several overlays at once! Step 2: Edit the overlay. 1. Double-click the overlay clip to set it up. An options panel will appear in the player
  6. utes with our photoshop overlays collection

How to Draw a Basic Frill. The first step is to draw a wavy line, not too sharp, with soft edges. This is the most important line: it's the base for any kind of frill! Then, we need to draw the external part of the fabric's fold and mark where the seam is. After that, we're almost done With the color tools in Pinnacle Studio you can change the color of the overlay files, from a slight adjustment to a completely different color. Double-click on the overlay to bring up the Editor, and click on the Color tab. From here you can adjust any of the bars to alter the color levels of the overlay CLIP STUDIO ASSETS. The line pen is bright when I repeat it by overlapping because a little color is thin. If you don't like the angle of the color, adjust it by orientation. ラインペンは少し色が薄いので重ねてグリグリすると明るくなります。. ↓色の角度が気に入らなかったら「向き」で調節して. Then, they can combine clips, clip and splice videos together, record video and voiceovers, add music, insert text layers, automatically subtitle, and edit. The Studio works on any phone, tablet, or computer, and anyone can get started with it right away. Kapwing is also the first online video editor with a cloud-based video processor If you do group as a nested clip, your clip gets saved in your library, making it easier for you to reuse in future projects. Explore Color Grading, Video Masking, and more pro-caliber features with Pinnacle Studio Craft your perfect animated overlay in Pinnacle Studio and edit your productions like a pro. Get started with Pinnacle Studio

Is there a way to hide the layers[1] alone programmatically? I want to show an Image layer with ajax loader layer on top. After some time I want to hide the ajax loader alone. Any suggestion? - harishannam Dec 23 '14 at 19:4 Here you can search for images while you work in the Studio. To find your perfect overlay, try adding PNG or transparent to your search terms. Once your overlay has been uploaded to the Studio, you can make all your edits! You can add, stylize, and animate text, which is really useful for this type of video how to color in clip studio paint. Share 0. Tweet 0. Share 0. Share 0. Tweet 0. Moreover, you can also change the Layer mixing modes (the drop-down menu on the Layer combination) such as Overlay or Soft Light, to adjust the shade. Then make use of the airbrush device to smooth points over and also give the illustration a softer appearance

- The basic sample is a bit dull but combines very well with the modes -overlay, color and glow dodge - cf page 2 play with layer levels or the ink> background setting, that positions the form behind the previous one. I was told all these brushes are for Clip Studio Paint Was I wrong? It's my first time dealing with CSP and I love all. Some coloring tips as requested by one of my Patreons. :) [All effects and layers done in Clip Studio Paint ] Saved by Jasmine Tiller. 144. Digital Painting Tutorials Digital Art Tutorial Art Tutorials Painting Studio Painting Tips Animation Storyboard Comic Tutorial Coloring Tips Coloring Tutorial The second rectangle rect_overlay. The text object dynamic_text. Layers. You'll need 2 layers in this effect, to control the order objects render in. There will already be 1 layer in the project, named layer0. In the Layers panel, create 1 more. To keep track of layers, it's a good idea to rename them. We've called: The first layer frame_layer May 29, 2018 - Quick CLIP STUDIO PAINT trick If you're like me, then you guys love shading your sketches or lineart. Like this: But if you erase a bit and shade more with black on low opacity it'll look all wonky so.. To import a video or still mask as an overlay option. In the Timeline, select an overlay clip. In the Options panel, click Effect tab. Enable the Apply Overlay Options check box, then choose Mask Frame (for a still mask) or Video Mask from the Type drop-list. Click the Add mask item (s) button to the right of the mask preview area, and browse.

Clip Paint Studio has a drawing program feature that makes it easy for beginners and experienced artists to create their own cartoon-related designs. It also offers tools for high-end 2D illustration and manipulation. One of the most noticeable features of this program is that it comes pre-loaded with thousands of shapes, textures and stickers which can be easily adjusted according to your. Raster Layer: This is the basic drawing layer that you use for roughing and inking your work, as well as adding various effects, like speed lines. Most of the drawing tools can be used on this layer. Vector Layer: An option available to Manga Studio EX users, this layer is used primarily for inking. Unlike a raster layer, a vector layer can be. The clip mask within your PSD will import as separate PNGs . TIP - Merge the clip mask and layer together so it imports as a whole. Your preview could be distorted since layers across aspect ratios are mixed up. TIP - Have a uniform layer structure for ALL the artboards within a file Eliminate overlay layer styles from your PSD while importing

CLIP STUDIO PAINT Instruction manual - Layer setting

Create and manage static overlay images for an account using the new side menu item: Overlays; The overlay images then can be associated with a channel: Associate Overlay with Channel Overlays in Draft Channel Overlays in Running Channel; You can insert up to two layers at one time. Each image should be a separate layer. If different images are. Every layer in your composition in Adobe After Effects has a Blend Mode that determines how this layer is composited onto the layers below it. By default, the Blend Mode is set to 'Normal'. If you are working with explosions or fire, a very simple way to remove the solid black background is to change the Blend Mode to 'Screen' or 'Add' Types of Layers¶. The image above shows the various types of layers in Layers.Each layer type has a different purpose for example all the vector elements can be only placed on a vector layer and similarly normal raster elements are mostly on the paint layer, Layers and Masks page contains more information about these types layers. Now Let us see how these layers are composited in Krita Holographic overlay & Photoshop overlay: Rainbow light overlay, Neon overlay photoshop layer, Neon lights overlay, Prism overlay. Details: 19 Holographic light photoshop overlay ( 300-250 dpi - JPEG) Our gorgeous package will create you a cool, creative background and you will create exciting effects

Sony Vegas Pro comes built in with a Media Generators tab, with which we can add text, solid colors, credit rolls, patterns, and anything that would be generated inside of Sony Vegas Pro, instead of using an external video, photo, or audio. For this tutorial, we'll be learning about how to add text into a video. Contents. 1 Steps Use an overlay over a terrain layer. The overlay will integrate with the shape of the land to show more detail. Change image properties. If you're viewing images that change periodically, such as web images, you can change the refresh rate to make sure you're viewing the latest image Lightstream Studio will automatically layer on your stream graphics every time you go live from your console. Low latency. All the speed you've come to expect. Lightstream Studio takes less than 500ms to add on your stream graphics. Plans that scale as you grow. Enjoy a 7-day free trial with access to all features. Cancel anytime

If you wish to delete a layer, simply right-click the layer and from the drop down menu, select Delete. Now you're ready to start your streaming experience with Twitch Studio! If you would like to learn more details about Twitch Studio, you can refer to our Twitch Studio FAQ article for more information This would actually be hard to do that way you're describing. You'd be better off just editing the whole clip in RaceRender rather than try to edit the clip in GoPro Studio and then get the GPS data for the exact part of the clip that you've edited and try to overlay it Fire wings overlay & Photoshop overlay: Blue angel wings overlay, Fairy wing transparent png, Daemon wings, Burn overlays, Digital wings png. This set includes: 9 PNG Fire Angel Wings Photoshop Overlays All images have a resolution of 300 DPI Enjoy and have fun! With Love, 2SUNS 28 Photoshop overlay: Neon light photo overlays & Stage lights overlays, Sparkler overlays, City bokeh overlay, Christmas overlays Details: 28 Stage light photo overlays ( 300-250 dpi - JPEG) Our gorgeous package will create you a cool, creative background and you will create exciting effects

Choose from Multiple Exposure Office stock illustrations from iStock. Find high-quality royalty-free vector images that you won't find anywhere else Make a double click on the layer you are going to apply a filter to (on the timeline) and select the Rectangle tool. Place the rectangle over the whole scene. Tip: Choose a rectangle with no frames and filled with a color (3-rd type): Go to the Properties window and choose a color for your rectangle For a video layer, you can Trim the video; for an image layer, you can use Timeline to change how long and when the picture appears on screen. Feel free to use Kapwing's other editing tools to crop, brighten or adjust the video. You can even add rounded corners to your overlay or make it a circular overlay, if you prefer 5,468 Best Overlay Effect Free Video Clip Downloads from the Videezy community. Free Overlay Effect Stock Video Footage licensed under creative commons, open source, and more

Tutorial: Making a GREAT Paper texture in Clip Studio

Move a layer backward to move to behind other layers. The layer arrangement buttons in the Kapwing studio. Editing Layers. When you click on a layer, the side panel changes to show you the editing tools for that layer. For video layers, you can crop, filter, mute, and rotate or flip the video across a center axis Step 1: Start With Background Image or Video. Open Kapwing's Studio and click Start with a blank canvas. You'll see the default empty white square. Feel free to change the size or aspect ratio of your canvas depending on what size you want the audio overlay to be. Then, upload the background for your audio overlay Drag the background you want to use onto the Video Track on the timeline. Drag the green screen footage onto Overlay Track 1. To adjust the size of the overlay, right-click on the overlay on the preview pane and select Fit to Screen or other size option. Double-click on the Overlay Track on the timeline and click on the Chroma Key tab Be sure to layer the fog on top of any existing footage you want to use. (If you are using these in a 1080p project or a sequence smaller than 4k, right-click the overlay in your timeline and select Scale to Frame Size.) 4. Go into the clip's Effects Controls, and change the Blend Mode to Screen. 5

Step 5 - Create your lower third overlay: The last design we're going to create is a lower third overlay. Again, you simply need to duplicate your last design and then modify it to easily create a lower third overlay: Lower third design. If you want to get a bit fancy you can even animate your lower third Easiest tool to create all your custom graphics for your streams: overlay, banners, plannings and more. Compatible with OBS Studio, Xsplit, Twitch, streaming on YouTube, and so on To add a photo layer to video, ensure that the camera button is selected. 3. Choose a photo then drag it over to the video clip that you intend to overlay it on. A window will then pop up so select Picture in Picture command. The picture in picture will then appear over the clip that it's to be overlaid on. 4 The best place for free Animated Overlays, Animated Backgrounds, Livestream Overlays, Livestream Backgrounds, and alerts/sounds. Our Livestream Animated Overlays work with OBS Studio. Perfect for Twitch streamers starting out Launch the program and select New Project.Click Add Media Files and upload the video you want to use in your clip. Right-click on the Timeline and select Add Extra Track, then Add Video Track.Drag and drop the image you want to use on the new overlay track. Click the Cogwheel icon and, in the preview window, adjust the size and position of the image on the video

Basics of blending modes Layer types - CLIP STUDIO TIP

87. SurfaceView probably does not work like a regular View in this regard. Instead, do the following: Put your SurfaceView inside of a FrameLayout or RelativeLayout in your layout XML file, since both of those allow stacking of widgets on the Z-axis. Move your drawing logic into a separate custom View class. Add an instance of the custom View. Using the Ramp effect is just one way you can create a gradient overlay, using two colors. Next, let's look at another method for creating a gradient overlay that will give you more color options. 1. With your clip on the timeline, drag an Adjustment Layer onto the V2 track, above your clip.. 2 Download Free Bokeh Overlays that are compatible with all Photoshop versions on Mac and Windows. Flawless and High-Resolution Bokeh Effects to add to your photos, designs, posters, and other creative projects How to Add Overlay Graphics in OBS Studio. An overlay can be a very simple graphic, as uncomplicated as a border that goes around the frame of your video. Live streamers on Twitch are big on using overlays because they give you scope to personalise your content You can trigger an overlay from any object, layer, group or frame. The overlay itself needs to be in a frame. Click the Prototype tab in the right sidebar. Hover over the object you want to start the overlay from. Click on the prototype node and drag a connection to the frame you want to become the overlay

Step 1: Place the overlay clip. 1. Select the clip that you want to make an overlay and drag it up, towards the top of the Timeline. 2. Drop the clip onto the overlay track, where you want it to be shown relative to the main video track. Note that a blue line now connects the overlay clip to the main clip How to cut by color and layer in Silhouette Studio . As we said before, working with layers is essential if your designs have two or more colors. In the second part of this tutorial, we are going to show you how to select every layer to cut separately. First, you need to go through all the steps that we have explained before. Here's a checklist Multi Layer is a full featured photo editor able to edit and compose images in multiple layers. It supports selection tool (manual and magic wand tool) to selective editing brightness, contrast, saturation, hue and RGB color levels. And of course you'll also be able to apply lots of automatic filters to your pictures and decorate them adding.

CLIP STUDIO PAINT Instruction manual - Layer Property

We need two layers to create a clipping mask, one to serve as the mask and one that will be clipped to the mask, so let's add a second layer. We'll add the new layer below the image. First, unlock the Background layer. In Photoshop CC, click the lock icon to unlock it. In Photoshop CS6 or earlier, press and hold the Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) key on your keyboard and double-click on the. Discord StreamKit Overlay Doing this on Clip Studio isn't the best either, because you can't be 100% sure the lines are measured perfectly. There are some options to solve this though. You can make a grid in other software, save it as a .png with transparent background and use that grid for whenever you need it 1200*1200. Save PNG PSD. minimal pink facecam overlay frame design. 2500*2500. Save PNG AI. cyberpunk facecam overlay with pink themed isolated on transparent background editable vector image. 1400*1400. Save PNG PSD. facecam overlay or webcam for streamer

Ultimate Guide to Blending Modes Art Rocke

Details: 26 sparkler overlays& Christmas bokeh overlay 300dpi - JPEG, PNG. Our gorgeous pack of sparkler overlay will create you a cool, creative background and you will create exciting effects. Textures in JPG format and can be used in compositions, projects. This bokeh overlay pack is compatible with all popular graphics programs Redesigned. A new platform inspired by the world's best design teams. Design, prototype, and animate—all in one place. Jump right into the screen design process with InVision Studio's intuitive vector-based drawing capabilities. With flexible layers and an infinite canvas, it's easy to turn ideas into powerful design You can overlay your videos in Sony Vegas Movie Studio. First drag the picture of TV set in the timeline and drag it to the whole timeline and then place your video above it as showing in the video. Now click on the pan/crop icon and select the picture of TV set. Now resize your window and set your video in the TV set as showing in the video A layer which is not visible still forms a part of the image when it is saved in the *.PDN format. To change a layer's visibility, click the checkbox beside the layer in the Layers Window. This checkbox is also available in the Layer Properties dialog (press F4 to show the active layer's properties). Layer Properties Windo

Implementing Texture Into Illustrative - CLIP STUDIO TIP

I decided to start off with some content areas for my on-screen viewer interactions. I wanted the overlay to display the newest followers, the newest subscriber, and the latest donation—you can choose to include (or exclude!) whichever you prefer. I began by creating a New Layer. You can do so in the Layers panel, as highlighted below. I like. In your Overlay Editor, click the Launch button and select Copy your overlay URL. Then on OBS Studio, click the + button in the Sources area and select Browser. Select Create new, then click OK.In the properties window, paste your unique Overlay URL on the URL field, then set the Width to 1920 and Height to 1080.Click OK when you are finished. Note: If you use more than one overlay on.

How to Use Layer Modes in Digital Art // Multiply, Overlay

To move a clip and overlay another clip in the movie, drag the clip to the first frame you want to overlay, and then press Ctrl/Cmd. When the pointer changes to the Overlay icon, release the mouse button. To move only one clip of a linked pair, Alt‑select the clip you want to move. Drag it to the desired location Vector Layer. vector 63 geojson 8. ×. ⇧. Example of a countries vector layer with country information. The countries are loaded from a GeoJSON file. Information about countries is shown on hover and click. main.js. import 'ol/ol.css'; import GeoJSON from 'ol/format/GeoJSON'; import Map from 'ol/Map'; import VectorLayer from 'ol/layer/Vector.

How to use Correction Layers [CLIP STUDIO PAINT TUTORIAL

(2021) ᐉ Sony 360 Reality Audio Speakers Feature AnCrazyTalk7 Animation - Facial Animation and Lip Sync Software

In this example we'll crop a webcam layer so only the middle section is visible. 1. Add a video source. Right click on the layer you wish to apply a filter to then select 'Filters'. 2. Select 'Crop/Pad'. Click the '+' icon located under the 'Effects Filters' section. Select the 'Crop/Pad' option. Label it something. Tap-hold the thumbnail until it is highlighted and the blue options bar appears at the bottom of the screen. From the blue bar at the bottom of the screen, select Move To.. At the top of the screen, select iCloud.. Drag the thumbnail into the square labelled Ungrouped.Your sketch (with its layer structure intact) is uploaded to a folder labelled SketchBook on your iCloud Video masks can be used to apply functions and filters to areas of your footage, or be used to overlay media on top of your footage through customizable panels. Pinnacle Studio's mask creation tools allow you to create two types of video masks, referred to in Pinnacle Studio as shape video masks, and panel video masks